For the month of January 2014, dry conditions prevailed across most of Kansas according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The snowfall during the month did not bring much moisture, as most of the State saw less than half the normal precipitation. Average monthly temperatures were cooler than normal for most of the eastern two thirds of Kansas. The western third of the State saw around normal temperatures, with the warmest being in the far northwest. Farmers in areas with little to no snow cover were concerned with winterkill on their wheat crop.
Some farmers began top dressing their wheat and got an early start to applying anhydrous ammonia. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 19 percent very short, 38 percent short, and 28 percent worse than a month ago, 42 percent adequate, and one percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 20 percent very short, 37 percent short, which is 18 percent worse than a month ago, 43 percent adequate, and zero percent surplus.
Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated three percent very poor, 17 percent poor, a 14 percent drop from last month, 45 percent fair, 33 percent good, and two percent excellent.
Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Declining stock water supplies and extreme weather swings were the biggest concerns of livestock producers. Sheep and lamb conditions were one percent very poor, one percent poor, 39 percent fair, 56 percent good, and three percent excellent. Sheep and lamb losses were 18 percent below normal, 81 percent normal, and one percent above normal. Cattle and calf conditions were one percent very poor, two percent poor, 36 percent fair, 58 percent good, and three percent excellent. Cattle and calf losses were 13 percent below normal, 85 percent normal, and two percent above normal. Hay and forage supplies rated five percent very short, 10 percent short, 77 percent adequate, and eight percent surplus. Stock water supplies were rated 11 percent very short, 19 percent short, 69 percent adequate, and one percent surplus.